Once you spoke in a vision,
and to your faithful ones you said:
“On a champion I have placed a crown;
over the people I have set a youth.”
“I have found David, my servant;
with my holy oil I have anointed him,
That my hand may be always with him,
and that my arm may make him strong.”
“My faithfulness and my mercy shall be with him,
and through my name shall his horn be exalted.
I will set his hand upon the sea,
his right hand upon the rivers.”
(Psalm 89:20, 21-22, 25-26)
89:20 to your faithful ones The Hebrew text here may contain a possible reference to God’s divine council or to Nathan, the prophet who delivered God’s promise to David.
89:21 I have found David, my servant Yahweh chose David after rejecting Saul as king. I have anointed him The Hebrew verb used here, mashach, refers to the process of officially installing a king in Israel.
89:22 my arm may make him strong God promised to use His mighty arm, which He used to create the heavens and earth, to establish and strengthen the Davidic kingdom.
89:25 his horn a concrete noun for an abstract quality; horn is a symbol of strength. 89:26 I will set his hand upon the sea Refers to Yahweh giving power to the Davidic king that resembles Yahweh’s very strength. the rivers: geographically the limits of the Davidic empire (the Mediterranean and the Euphrates); mythologically, the traditional forces of chaos.
Psalm 89 is a prayer that focuses on an experience that is common to all people: human frailty and the passing of time. Our existence is fragile like the grass that sprouts in the morning and withers in the evening. We are called, therefore, to recognize the shortness of our lives so that we may gain wisdom of heart.
It is the grace of God which alone gives meaning and continuity to our actions; through grace eternity enters into our lives and transforms us. In fact, it is the resurrection of Christ that makes this possible: Christ’s Passion is the source of our life after death. In him we have been redeemed and our lives are filled with joy and praise.
– St. Pope John Paul II